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20 years after WTO entry, China delivers global dividends******

BEIJING, Nov. 3 (Xinhua) -- Joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001 has become a watershed event in China's development, not just in terms of the phenomenal changes happening within China, but also its interaction with the rest of the world, in particular the global spillovers of its economic expansion.

Contributing nearly 30 percent on average to world economic growth over the past 20 years, China now boasts the largest middle-income population in the world and is a major trade partner for over 120 countries and regions, and the largest trade partner of the European Union and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

With openness as the hallmark of its development, China has seen its economy increasingly intertwined with its partners. Its trade with the United States is a good example. Despite trade frictions over the past few years and constant calls from some U.S. officials for "decoupling with China," the two nations' economic ties have taken on more features defined as "mutually dependent."

In the first eight months of this year, Chinese exports to the United States, rather than falling, expanded 22.7 percent year on year, official data shows.

Meanwhile, Forbes magazine revealed that imports from China accounted for 19 percent of all U.S. goods imports in 2020, the highest of any trading partners of the United States, while four out of 10 of the fastest-growing imports into the country came from China.

The benefits of growing Sino-U.S. trade to American households are also tangible. The Ministry of Commerce said that each U.S. family could save 850 dollars per year from the trade. From lamps to birthday candles, from flip-flops to mouse traps, "Made in China" goods have long become an indispensable part of the everyday life of many U.S. households.

Back in November 2019, when the U.S.-initiated tariff battles with China raised concerns about unilateralism and protectionism, more than 190 U.S. enterprises attended the second China International Import Expo (CIIE) in Shanghai, taking up the largest exhibition area of any participating country. Among the delegation were big names such as General Electric Company and Qualcomm.

Last year, up to 70 percent of the world's top 500 companies and industry leaders that participated in the first two expos were seen in the third CIIE, including global industry leaders Ford, Louis Dreyfus and Roche.

This year, the total exhibition area of the fourth CIIE, which is due to open on Thursday, has been further expanded to 366,000 square meters. The number of exhibitors from countries like the United States, Japan, Germany, France and the United Kingdom will be greater or the same as in previous expos, as will their total booth areas.

Some 90 enterprises from 33 least-developed countries are expected to participate, displaying a large number of their specialty goods and tapping into China's market.

Back in 2001, few people could have imagined China hosting the world's first import expo at the national level to share its development dividends with the world and seek ways out to boost global economic growth.

China's growing appeal and weight is actually justified by its track record as a trustworthy member of the WTO and its consistent stance of championing globalization and inclusive development.

OVER-FULFILLING WTO COMMITMENTS

China has over-fulfilled the commitments it made upon accession to the WTO, a fact that has been praised by several WTO director-generals and recognized by most WTO members.

China has fulfilled its pledge of lowering the import tariff for goods to 9.8 percent from 15.3 percent when it joined the WTO 20 years ago. At present, its overall import tax stands at 7.4 percent, lower than the average level of developing members of the WTO and is approaching the level of developed members of the organization.

The country has also significantly reduced non-tariff barriers for international trade, removing non-tariff measures covering 424 tariff categories by January 2005.

In terms of trade in services, China pledged to open the market for 100 subsectors in nine business categories by 2007. It actually opened nearly 120 subsectors, around 20 percent more than it promised.

In the meantime, the ranking of China's annual flow of outbound direct investment has risen to the third place from 26th at its accession to the WTO. The investment has accelerated technological progress in host countries, promoted their economic development and improved local people's livelihood by creating a large number of job opportunities.

Since it joined the WTO, China has played a major role in the production of consumer goods, with its advantages in skilled labor, infrastructure and manufacturing systems. Its exports have provided enterprises and people worldwide with high-quality goods at a low price.

China's actions have demonstrated its resolve in supporting developing countries. In recent years, it has remained the largest export market for the least developed countries, absorbing one fifth of the exports from those countries.

REACHING OUT FOR SHARED PROSPERITY

While walking the talk, China is also willing to embrace the world with open arms and provide public goods to boost global development.

The China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative, for instance, has grown into the world's largest international cooperation platform and the most popular public good over the past eight years, with over 200 cooperation agreements inked between China and over 170 countries and international organizations.

Defying trade protectionist headwinds, China has been active in building open cooperation platforms. The establishment and hosting of a series of open platforms, including the China International Fair for Trade in Services, the China International Consumer Products Expo, as well as the upcoming CIIE, has facilitated the unimpeded flow of trade and provided a much-need boost to the global economy.

China means business in opening its doors wider and making its market more accessible. It has pledged to extend tax incentives for overseas investors, introduced the first negative list for services trade, and further expanded the catalog of industries that encourage foreign investment.

Foreign-funded companies have benefited from their presence in China and cast a vote of confidence with bigger bets. Tesla, for example, has decided this year to make the gigafactory in Shanghai its primary vehicle export hub after the company broke ground on its first overseas plant two years ago.

The road ahead, however, won't be all rosy. Rising de-globalization, the persistent pandemic and looming climate change pose challenges that have put the world at a development inflection point.

At the just-concluded G20 Rome summit, China has, in response to these common challenges, stressed efforts to practice true multilateralism, step up macroeconomic policy coordination and adopt responsible macroeconomic policies to avoid negative spillovers on developing countries.

In pursuit of a path of green, low-carbon and sustainable development, it has reiterated the goals of peaking its CO2 emissions before 2030 and achieving carbon neutrality before 2060, calling on the developed countries to honor their funding commitments to developing countries to help them cope with climate change.

Much has been realized and achieved in the past two decades despite all the twists and turns. For China, a global growth driver and advocate of multilateralism, there is always more to be expected. Enditem

方红卫督导检查全市疫情防控工作看望慰问一线工作人员******

  1月30日,农历腊月廿八,省委常委、市委书记方红卫到火车站、地铁站、高速检查站、定点医院督导检查疫情防控工作,看望慰问奋战在抗疫一线的公安干警、医务工作者、干部职工,代表市委市政府向全市人民特别是春节期间坚守在各条战线的劳动者致以节日问候和新春祝福。

  在西安火车站,方红卫走进车站大厅和地下交通场站,详细了解经停车次、乘客数量、中高风险地区来返人员管理流程和火车站各项防控措施落实情况,看望慰问执勤公安干警和一线工作人员。他强调,火车站是防输入防外溢的重要关口,也是展示城市形象的窗口。要做好客流高峰期人员疏导分流,严格规范旅客进出站流程,对中高风险地区来返人员严格落实闭环管理、转运隔离、核酸检测等措施,坚决守牢关口。要把群众便利作为服务目标,科学配置交通资源,优化换乘衔接,提升换乘效率,为乘客提供温馨舒适、方便快捷的出行体验。

  随后方红卫来到南稍门地铁站,走进站厅实地查看扫码、测温、“一米线”等防控措施落实情况,在车控室详细了解春节期间车站运行保障、消防安全、应急处置等工作,看望慰问值班值守的干部职工。他指出,地铁是人员密集场所,也是做好疫情防控的关键部位。要严格落实各项防控措施,站区、车厢要按时消杀,加强疫情防控宣传引导,细化完善服务措施,科学调配运力,全力保证运行安全。

  高速路口是外防输入的重要关口,绕城高速曲江出口检查站设有消杀、检查、登记三道环节,车辆进出查验严格、顺畅有序。方红卫走进检查站和防控服务站详细查看“双码”查验、人员排查登记等工作流程,向正在执勤的公安干警送上新春问候。他说,疫情发生以来,广大公安干警夜以继日工作,始终战在一线,闻令而动、向险而行,用行动证明公安队伍是一支训练有素,拉得出、冲得上、打得赢的队伍,为疫情防控和社会稳定作出了巨大贡献。大家用自己的辛苦付出换取了老百姓健康和全社会安宁,一定要注意自身防护,合理轮岗休息,保重好身体。希望大家发扬连续作战的精神,严格落实疫情防控措施,确保市民群众过一个欢乐祥和、健康安全的春节。

  全省报告确诊病例全部收治在西安市胸科医院。方红卫来到这里,通过视频连线详细了解患者治疗情况和医务人员工作状态,与工作在抗疫一线的医生亲切交谈,向全市广大医务工作者致以衷心的感谢、真诚的慰问和崇高的敬意。他说,为了城市的平安和人民的健康,医务人员冲在疫情防控一线,战斗在最危险的地方,以崇高的职业精神和精湛的医术,为抗击疫情付出了巨大努力。希望大家坚定必胜信心,保持昂扬斗志,全力投入工作,坚持中西医结合救治患者,早日实现确诊病例治愈清零。要关心关爱医务人员,安排好轮岗调休,帮助解决实际问题,让大家安心舒心战斗在抗疫一线。

  西安报业全媒体记者 李小龙



来源:西安发布

编辑:王蜀周秦

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China's fixed******

BEIJING, Nov. 15 (Xinhua) -- China's fixed-asset investment (FAI) went up 6.1 percent year on year in the first 10 months of this year, data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed Monday.。

During the first 10 months, the FAI amounted to over 44.58 trillion yuan (about 6.98 trillion U.S. dollars), according to the NBS.。

Compared with the 2019 level, the FAI growth came in at 7.8 percent during the period. The two-year average growth stood at 3.8 percent.。

Investment by the private sectors rose 8.5 percent year on year to nearly 25.45 trillion yuan in the first 10 months, the NBS data showed.。

On a month-on-month basis, FAI gained 0.15 percent in October.。

In the first 10 months, investment in the primary, secondary and tertiary industries increased 11.1 percent, 11.3 percent and 3.7 percent, respectively, from a year earlier.。

Investment in manufacturing and infrastructure gained 14.2 percent and 1 percent year on year, respectively, NBS data showed.。

The FAI includes capital spent on infrastructure, property, machinery and other physical assets. Enditem。

西安疫情服务Q&A丨从异地回西安 如今能回吗?******返乡_自定义px_2022-01-09+21_10_16.png

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